The Kaluli people live in scattered villages in the dense jungle on the slopes of Mount Bosavi in the southern highlands. They live by fishing, hunting and gathering. Their fertile gardens grow thick with breadfruit, bananas and green vegetables.
The Kaluli's impressive headpiece is decorated with cockatoo feathers hunted by their ancestors.
In the villages, Kaluli people live in longhouse communities. The longhouse is a wooden structure measuring around 40 by 10 metres, built on poles at the centre of the village. Approximately 15 families – up to 90 people – can live in a single longhouse.