Nomadic and colourful horsemen and cowboys have wandered the prairies as early as the 1700s, when wild Cimarron cattle overpopulated the flatlands. In the 18th century, when leather was in high demand, 'Gaucho' culture arose as men started to clandestinely hunt the huge herds of horses and cattle.
“A Gaucho without a horse is only half a man”
The word ‘Gaucho’ was used to describe the free spirits, inseparable from their horse and knife. Over time, when extensive portions of prairies were settled and commercial cattle herding began, there was less room for Gauchos to live independently. As their way of living changed, the legend of the Gauchos grew.
For at least a thousand years, the Amazonian Oriente rainforest, has been home to the Huaorani (meaning ‘human beings’ or ‘the people’). They consider themselves to be the bravest indigenous group in the Amazon. Until 1956, they had never had any contact with the outside world.
“As our ancestors live, so will we live; as our ancestors died, so will we die”
Huaorani are outstanding hunters and feared warriors. Threatened by oil exploration and illegal logging practices, their hunter-gatherer society shifted to mostly living in settlements. The Huaorani have a vast knowledge of animals, plants and trees, which stems from a total reliance on the natural world.